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SURVEY

Mekong delta

 General information

- Geographic location: The area is bounded by the Southeast economic zone to the North, by Cambodia to the West, Gulf of Thailand to the south, and by South China Sea to the East.
- Area: over 40,000 km2.
- Topographic features: The region has features of plain with many rivers and channels.
- Administrative units: Include 13 provinces of Long An, Tiền Giang, Hậu Giang, Đồng Tháp, Vĩnh Long, Trà Vinh, Cần Thơ, Sóc Trăng, Bến Tre, An Giang, Kiên Giang, Bạc Liêu and Cà Mau.
- Population: approx. 18,000,000

Regional advantages

- Location advantages: The region is situated in an active economic development areas of the country, next to the national southern key economic area and Southeast Asia countries of Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Philippine, Indonesia etc. It is an important active economic development area with important markets and investment counterparts. There are important roadway and airway system connecting the area with southern, eastern part of Asia, Australia, and Asia Pacific islands. This location makes it convenient for the region in development and international cooperation.

- Mineral resources: There are various mineral resources in the Mekong Delta with great offshore oil & gases potentiality in South China Sea and Gulf of Thailand such as Cửu Long, South Côn Sơn, Thổ Chu - Mã Lai semimetal basins. There are 130 - 440 million tons of limestone, 450 million m3 of Granite and Andesit, 40 million m3 of clays for pottery and building materials, 10 million m3/year of gravel and sand, 370 million tons of peat (300 million tons in U Minh). There are mineral water sources in Long An, Tiền Giang, Vĩnh Long, Sóc Trăng, Minh Hải.

- Soil land advantages: Mekong Delta is one of the largest and most fertile river delta of the Southeast Asia and the world. It is the national biggest agriculture area with rice, aquaculture, and fruit products. Mekong Delta has total area of 3.96 million hectares, 2.60 million hectares (65%) are for agriculture development; 50% of agriculture lands are for cultivation and 90% cultivation land are for rice production.

- Sea economic advantage: Mekong Delta has 700 km coastal line and 360,000 km2 of sea territory in South China Sea and Thailand Gulf. It is really convenient for offshore economic development.

- Human resource advantages: Mekong Delta population is the largest in the country, accounting for 22% of the national population. Its labour force was approx. 9.7 million (2000) and going to be 12 million (2010), accounting for 22.3% of the national one (that of Red river delta account for 20% of the national one).

- Current economic situation

- Economic growth rate: In recent years, the region has obtained high annual economic growth rate of 11.5%. Over the past ten years, the annual income per capital has continuously increased from 8 million VND to 12 million VND .

- Economic structure has been changed in a positive way. In the period of 1995-2005, the contribution of agriculture reduced from 61.8% to 45.9%; industry and construction increased from 11.7% to 23%; service increased from 21.3% to 31% (in 2005).

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