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SURVEY

Northern Highland / Thai Nguyen

THAI NGUYEN MAP

General information
 - Geographic location: Thai Nguyen is bounded by Bac Kan province to the North, by Vinh Phuc and Tuyen Quang provinces to the West, by Lang Son and Bac Giang provinces to the East and by Hanoi to the South.
 - Area: 3,546.6 km2.
 - Topographic features: Thai Nguyen is typical midland province in the Northern Vietnam which is flat, stable. The topographic features are suitable for agricultural and forestry development as well as economic and social development in general.
- Administrative units:  Thai Nguyen is divided into Thai Nguyen city, Song Cong town and 7 districts: Pho Yen, Phu Binh, Dong Hy, Vo Nhai, Dinh Hoa, Dai Tu and Phu Luong.
 - Population: 1, 127,430 people
Resources
 - Natural resources: Thai Nguyen’s total area of natural land is 356,282 hectares which is potential for developing agriculture-forestry-fishery, especially tea growing and processing. It has various kinds of mineral: it has the second largest coal deposit in the country with many coal mines and fat coal mainly found in two districts of Dai Tu and Phu Luong; the metal mines are iron, titan, tin, etc. serving the metallurgy and mineral exploitation.
 - Tourism resources: Thai Nguyen has numerous grandiose sceneries: Nui Coc artificial lake, Phoenix cave, Van and Vo mountain. It also attracts tourists for the reason of owning culture and historical places: culture and historical museums, architectural relics such as temple, pagoda, monument (Phuong Do temple, Doi Can temple, Duom temple, Xuong Rong temple, Hang padoga and Phu Dien pagoda) and historical relics like Viet Bac security area.
- Human resources: In 2010, the number of people in working age was 665,000 people which accounted for 59% population of the province.
Infrustructure
 - Transportation system: It is convenient to travel in the province with its properly organized transportation system. Most of roads start from the axis along the national highway No. 3 running to districts, town and economic zones, mines, tourism centers and linking to neighbouring provinces. In addition, there are also national highways no. 37, 18, and 259 running through the province. Railway is also convenient here for goods and passenger transportation to other provinces such as Ha Noi – Quan Trieu route and Luu Xa – Kep – Dong Trieu. Thai Nguyen has two main waterways which are Da Phuc – Hai Phong which is 161km long and Da Phuc – Hon Gai which is 211 km long. In near future, Thai Nguyen will either improve and expand area of Da Phuc port and mechanize goods loading technic to reach the capacity of 1000 tons/day.

- Power supply system: 
The system is quite complete with power supplied to all districts by national power network. The networks in Thai Nguyen city, Song Cong town and several districts are the best in the province.
Water supply and drainage system: There are water supply companies in Thai Nguyen city and Song Cong Town. The company in Thai Nguyen city has been upgraded by ADB loans with the capacity of 30,000 m3/day meeting the whole city’s demands in term of quality and quantity. The design capacity of the company in Song Cong Town is 30,000m3/day meeting the demand for water serving the development of the town and of Song Cong industrial zone but the quality of the water should be improved.

- Post and telecommunication: The province has national and international post and telecommunication system with stable transmission lines of microwave, digital-electronic switchboards.  

- Industrial zones: There are 6 industrial zones in the province: Cong river 1 IZ, Cong river 2 IZ, Quyet Thang IZ, South Pho Yen IZ, West Pho Yen IZ, Diem Thuy IZ.
Economic situation
- Growth rate: The average GDP rate was 10.6% for the period 2006-2010.  
Year
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
GDP (%)
11,1
12,5
11,47
9
9.1

- Economic structures:
 Decreasing the proportion of agriculture and forestry while increasing that of industry and services
Year
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Agri-Aquaculture-Forestry (%)
24.7
24.2
23.98
22.85
22.46
Industry-Construction (%)
38.8
39
39.78
40.42
40.62
Services (%)
36.5
36.2
36.24
36.74
36.74

 

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