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SURVEY

Northern Highland / Yen Bai

YEN BAI MAP

General Information 
- Geographic location: Yen Bai is located in the center of the north mountainous area (21018’-22017 north latitude and 103056’-105006’).  Yen Bai is bounded by Ha Giang and Tuyen Quang provinces to the East, by Son La province to the West, by Lao Cai province to the North and by Phu Tho province to the South. 
- Area: 6,899.5 km². 
Topographic features: The province has features of mountainous area because of its location in the East of Hoang Lien mountain ranges with the inclination from the Northern West to Southern East. The system of mountains, hills, rivers and streams here is very various and plentiful.
- Administrative units: The province is divided into Yen Bai city, Nghia Lo town and 7 districts: Luc Yen, Van Yen, Mu Cang Chai, Tran Yen, Yen Binh, Van Chan, and Tram Tau.
- Population: 750,000 people  
Resources 
- Natural resources: The province’s total area of natural land is 688,292.2 hectares including 78,600 hectares of agricultural land, 453,600 hectares of forestry land, and 30,200 hectares of specialized land. Forests here has a plentiful fauna and flora with many valuable kinds of wood for production and export especially Fokienia. The province also has a variety of mineral sources with 257 mineral mines such as brown coal mine, antra-xit coal in Van Chan and Van Yen, precious stone mines in Luc Yen, Yen Binh, etc.
- Tourism resources: The province has potentiality for developing tourism with its strengths such as diversified nature with many places of interest, recognized historical and cultural monuments such as Hum cave with the vestiges of ancient times of 10,000 years ago, Tham Thoong with ancient tools made of stone, Tham Le cave in Van Chan district, Xuan Long cave and Thuy Tien Cave in Yen Binh district, Thac Ba lake , Giang stream eco-tour, Muong Lo paddy field and Nguyen Thai Hoc temple etc.
- Human resources: The number of working age people is 461,024 accounting for 55% .The estimated working population for 2015 will possibly be 568,530 people and for 2020 it will be 603,430 people.
Infrastructure 
 Transportation systemYen Bai is the point of junction of Northern mountainous provinces. It has a quite developed transportation system with 6,444.3km of road, 84 km of railway and 198km of waterway including Red river and Thac Ba lake routes, one military airport (Yen Bai airport) and three makeshift airports (Nghia Lo, Nam Khat and Dong Cuong airport)  
Power supply systemYen Bai has 3,401.4 km of electric line, of which 110KV lines is 90km long, 35KV lines is 943.3km long, 10KV is 192.9km long and 0.4 KV line is 2,175.3km long.
- Water supply and drainage system: urban water supply system, with standard quantity and quality, is able to supply to households and enterprises. 
- Post and telecommunication: 100% inter communication system was digitalized. In 9/9 districts and city, microwaves lines and automatic switchboards were installed. Convenient posting services meet the requirement of economic development.
Industrial zonesThere are five industrial zones in the province, of which three IZs are in an operation (The Northern IZ, Minh Quan IZ and North Van Yen IZ) and two IZs in a planned stage (Au Lau IZ and Mong Son IZ).
Economic situation
- Growth rate: The average growth rate in five year period (2006-2010) was 12.3%.
Year
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
GDP (%)
11,2
11,7
12,5
12,9
13,3

- Economic structure: gradually decrease the proportion of agriculture while increase that of industry and services.
Year
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Agriculture-Forestry-Aquaculture (%)
37.5
36.6
-
34.02
33.13
Industry-construction (%)
28.8
29.55
-
33.13
33.93
Services (%)
33.7
33.9
-
32.85
32.94

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