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Red-river Delta / Ha Nam


General information 
- Geographic location:  Ha Nam belongs to a crucial north economic area and is 50km from Hanoi. It is the gate entering Hanoi in the South. It is bounded by Ha Tay to the North, by Hung Yen and Thai Binh provinces to the East, by Nam Dinh and Ninh Binh provinces to the South and by Hoa Binh to the West.
- Area: 860.5 km2
- Topographic features: Ha Nam is situated in the delta but next to mountains, therefore, it has features of both delta and mountains. The Western part of the province (accounting for 10-15% of the total area) is the semi-mountainous area with limestone, mountains and forestry hills. The Eastern part of the province (accounting for 85-90% of the total area) is plain leveled by alluvial deposition from large rivers. 
- Administrative units: The province is divided into 1 city (Phu Ly-the capital of the province), 5 districts: Duy Tien, Kim Bang, Ly Nhan, Thanh Liem and Binh Luc. 
- Population: 786,300 people 
- Natural resources: Ha Nam has 860.5 km2 of natural land located in the low part of the Red river delta. The rich soil is suitable for short-term industrial crops and fruit trees. The province is also suitable for developing aquaculture and breeding of waterfowls. In terms of minerals, limestone is the major mineral found in Ha Nam with a large volume of over 7 billion m3 which allows it to become one of the large construction material production centers in the Northern delta. Other mineral include precious stones, clay, peat with the reserve of over 11 million m3 and construction sand.

- Tourism resources
: Ha Nam has many famous sceneries such as a series of 5 grandiose caves, Tam Chuc Ba Sao lake complex, Luon cave etc. Moreover, Ha Nam also attracts tourists for the reason of having its own cultural and historical relics and festivals such as Tran Thuong temple, Ba Danh pogada, Chau pagoda and so on.
- Human resources:  In 2010, the number of people in working age accounted for 55% population. Annually, the number increases by approx. 13,000 – 14,500 people. Work force of the province is quite young and generally graduated secondary school and higher. The number of people holding college or university degrees was about 22,753 (comprised of 3.8% labor force). The proportion of trained worker was 35%.
- Transportation system:  Transport system including roads, railway and waterway was improved to support well economic, cultural and social exchanges between Ha Nam and other provinces.  
- Power supply system: The system has extended to almost all communes. Power from 220Kv and 110Kv National electricity grid has supplied all households, enterprises and State bodies in Phu Ly town and districts via 5 substations with the total capacity of 215MW. All of province is supplied with power through 220Kv line, 110Kv line, 35Kv line, 22Kv line, 10Kv line, 6Kv line and 0.4Kv.  
Water supply and drainage system:  The whole water supply system with the capacity of 38,200m3/day supplies residential and industrial areas. Among the system, there are 2 factories in Phu Ly city with the current capacity of 25,000m3/day planned to expand to supply 40,000m3 water per day. Ha Nam is planning to build Tan Tao clean water factory with the capacity of 100,000m3/day located in Duy Tien district. 
- Post and telecommunication system: There is a post office system in the province including a post office in Phu Ly town, 5 post offices in districts, 40 commune post offices and nearly 100 commune post points. The telephone network covers all wards/communes, state administrative and economic units. It is convenient to have access to post and telecommunication services nationwide and worldwide from the province. Telecommunications infrastructure was upgraded by VNPT and Viettel who installed optical fibers and high-speed transferring lines up to boundaries of each enterprise in industrial zones.
- Industrial zones: There are 9 industrial zones in the provinces. They are Dong Van I with the area of 138 hectares; Dong Van II with the area of 320 hectares, Chau Son lying in the West of Phu Ly town with the area of 169 hectares, Itahan with the area of 300 hectares, Kim Bang with the area of 300 hectares, Liem Can – Thanh Binh (100 hectares), Liem Phong (200 hectares), Hoa Mac (203 hectares) and Liem Can-Thanh Binh II (100 hectares).
Economic situation
- Growth rate: In the period of 2006-2010, the growth rate was 13%.
GDP (%)

- Economic structure: Decreasing the proportion of agriculture while increasing that of industry-construction and services
Agriculture-Forestry-Aquaculture (%)
Industry-Construction (%)
Services (%)
Investment attraction
1. The period of 2006-2010:
+ Domestic investment:
Registered capital: 13,620,000 billion VND
Implemented capital: 12,340,000 billion VND
+ Foreign investment:
Registered capital: 278.79 million USD
Implemented capital: 216.08 million USD
2. Sectors focused to invest:
+ Industries:mechanical engineering, electronics, telecommunication, IT, beverage manufacturing, steel manufacturing,
+ Civil construction: recreation complexes, hotels, commercial center, residential areas, hospital, high quality universities, research and training centers.  
+ Industrial infrastructure: Dong Van III IZ, Thanh Liem IZ, Thanh Nguyen IZ and Chau Giang IZ.



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