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SURVEY

Services / Marine Service

Year 2011 was a difficult year for the world economy in general and Vietnam's economy in particular. Shipping market, export and import still face many difficulties which in turn entail certain negative impacts to the port operation activities. However, after the first 9 months, the industry has achieved some results. According to the port associations, the amount of goods pasing through ports during the 9 months was estimated at 218.6 million tons, 17.5% more than it was in the same period last year, among which dry goods increased 9.7%, container increased 15.2%, liquid goods went up 6%, and transit goods rose 76.1%. Transportation of goods 9 months was estimated at 596.1 million tons, up 11.2% over the same period. However, the amounts of goods through the port are not equal, and there were surplus capacity sittuation at some ports, especially in deep-water port complex at Cai Mep - Thi Vai.

Port infrastructure is not synchronized and modernized. In addition, there is not any Vietnamese port on the searching list of The international container managementsystem by which ports could connect to other ones in the system by the world- class standard software.
 
Planning the port system was unsuitable. Currently the port system of Vietnam has many limitations. The main ports near economic centers are mainly located in the rivers which inhibit the shipping traffic and cause high cost for dredge.  Almost all the large cities have thier own port, among them the number of small, outdated technology ports is a big amount. Investment in constructing large, modern deep-water port is the essential thing to do to meet the needs of international integration. It is plan to have about 15 new ports in Ho Chi Minh in the near future. However, unwisely and scattered investment has been spent to a series of ports which are located in the same region. Moreover, the forecast fails on the circulation of goods possibly leads to the competition among these portsand the under-capacity working status.

Heading to long-term achievement, the Government of Vietnam has approved Plan for developing Vietnam's seaport system till 2020 and orientation to 2030. It is supposed to develop a comprehensive system of Vietnam's seaport, rapidly integrate with international port system and contribute to achieve the objectives of the Vietnam Marine Strategy up to 2020. Under this plan, the port system is divided into six groups according to regions and three main groups of scale and functions. Previously, important ports planned as an international gateway like Hai Phong port (Lach Huyen area), Ba Ria - Vung Tau port (Cai Mep - Thi Vai area). Ports in the Central region are being developed both in scale and quality such as Nghi Son port (Thanh Hoa), Vung Ang port (Ha Tinh), Chan May port (Hue), Dung Quat port (Quang Ngai), Van Phong port (Khanh Hoa), ...

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